Urology, is a branch of medicine that deals with diseases of the male and female urinary-tract system and al the parts of the male reproductive tract in men.Urology is a surgical specialty which has a wide scope and is further divided into subspecialty like pediatric Urology, urologic cancers, renal Transplant, maleiInfertility, calculi and female urology.
A doctor specialised in urology is called a urologist. Urologists train further in urological surgeries after finishing post graduate qualification in General surgery. They are trained to do a wide variety of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. They treat children as well as adults.
Conditions like complicated or persistent renal stones, injuries to the genitalia, urinary incontinence, difficulty in passing urine, erectile dysfunction in men, birth defects leading to urinary problems in children are all handled by urologists.
The urologist starts with performing one or more tests like a CT scan, MRI scan or ultrasound. They may also conduct other tests like cystogram, in which x-ray of the bladder is done. A urologist sometimes uses a thin scope known as a cystoscope, to look inside the urethra and bladder for cystoscopy. Urine sample for bacterial infections, urodynamic investigation to ascertain the force and volume inside the bladder are a few other examinations. They also conduct Post-void Residual Urine Test to discover the pace of urination and urine left in the bladder.
Urologists are skilled to perform different types of surgeries like biopsy of the kidney, removal of the bladder, extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy, kidney transplant, the opening of blockage, fixing injuries, repairing excretory organs. Prostatectomy, transurethral resection, transurethral needle ablation, ureteroscopy, vasectomy are some of the surgeries performed by a urologist.
In the human body, the urinary tract is the body’s evacuation system for removing wastes and toxins through the urine, which is a combined liquid of waste and water. This tract consists of other organs like kidneys, ureters, and bladder. The urinary tract functions together to be able to urinate normally. Urological diseases can be any disorders related to kidney, ureter or bladder. These conditions commonly include urinary tract infections, kidney stones, bladder control difficulty, etc. These conditions may last for a short or long time.
Urologists at DocsApp assist on various disorders that affect the male and female reproductive organs. In some cases, even surgeries may be required. They treat symptoms of kidney stones, urinary infection and urinary incontinence. Urologists also treat general diseases in the urinary tract like blood in the urine or frequent urination. If an individual is facing any problem related to urologic health, a urologist should be consulted immediately. A few common issues that a urologist can attend to are mentioned below.
Kidney Stone also known as urolithiasis, is the buildup of dissolved minerals, on the inner lining of the kidney wall. Sometimes the stone may travel down the urinary tract and cause a blockage, resulting in intense abdominal pain. The primary cause of Kidney stone formation is the mineral composition of the water we drink interacting with low grade infections of the urinary tract. Our family medicine specialists advice on drinking at least 5-8 glasses of water daily. Symptoms of a possible kidney stones are - pain in the lower back radiating to the front of the abdomen, blood in urine,
Finding blood in urine can be frightful, especially for men. Hematuria, i.e. blood in urine may signal a serious underlying condition. Bloody urine may or may not occur with symptoms, but it usually produces pink or coke-colored urine because of the oxidation of the pigmentin red blood cells. In general, the bleeding will not be painful but if blood clots are passing, it can get quite painful. The causes of blood can be due to urinary or kidney infections, stone in the bladder, cancer and genetic disorders.
Dysuria is an indication of pain, discomfort, irritation or burning while urinating. The most common cause found in people suffering from Dysuria is UTI. The chances of UTI is high in females, pregnant women and diabetes patients. Usually, older men suffer from dysuria more than younger ones.
This disorder refers to frequent urination when an individual urinates more than normal. Excessive urination is when the volume of urine is more than more than 2.5 liters per day. The normal volume is usually less than 2 liters but is dependant on age and gender. T If excess urine is passed on during the night, then it is called as nocturnal polyuria or nocturia. The medical causes for frequent urination can be a bladder infection, diabetes melitus psychogenic polydipsia, and interstitial nephritis.
These symptoms include painful urination, burning sensation while urinating, frequent urination, urinary urgency, fatigue and fever.
Oliguria is a condition where urine discharge in an adult is less than 400 ml during the entire day. In the case of children, it is ascertained by the ratio of urination and body weight of the child. If its less than 1 ml per kg of body weight per hour in infants, it is considered oliguria. Causes are dehydration and renal failure.
Urinary incontinence refers to the nonvoluntary leakage of urine. Basically, it means the person urinates even if they don‚Äôt want to. This means that the patient has lost control over urinary sphincter. It is more common in females than in males and the risk factors are multiple pregnancies, obstetric complications, obesity and smoking. It can be treated with Bladder training, medication and surgery.
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