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What is Orthopaedics?

Orthopaedics is a surgical specialty which focuses on the diagnosis, correction, prevention, and treatment of disorders of the bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons, nerves and skin. This also includes damage caused due to accidents and injuries. The word “orthopaedic” is derived from the Greek terms“ orthos,” and “paideion”, which means straight and child, respectively. However, orthopaedic physicians treat everyone irrespective of age. Chronic pain, rheumatic diseases and musculoskeletal injuries also fall under orthopaedics. A doctor specialized in orthopaedics is known as an orthopaedic surgeon.

What Are The Subspecialties In Orthopaedics?

The various sub-specialties in Orthopaedics are- Arthritis and Osteoarthritis Injury care including fractures Joint replacement surgery Pain management Hip Injuries and Replacement Shoulder Injuries and Replacement Foot and Ankle Surgery Physical and Occupational Therapy

Who Is an Orthopedic specialist?

An Orthopedic doctor is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of injuries and disorders in the bones, muscles, ligaments etc. They are professionals with proper training in non-surgical and surgical treatment of injuries and diseases of the musculoskeletal system. Orthopaedic doctors are also skilled specialists for treating issues of the hip and knee, arms, and spinal cord. Their skilled service is not just limited to broken bones and painful joints but they also treat sports injuries, back pain, bone tumors, Osteoporosis, Arthritis, Limb lengthening, Carpal tunnel etc.

Who Is an Orthopedic specialist?

An Orthopedic doctor is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of injuries and disorders in the bones, muscles, ligaments etc. They are professionals with proper training in non-surgical and surgical treatment of injuries and diseases of the musculoskeletal system. Orthopaedic doctors are also skilled specialists for treating issues of the hip and knee, arms, and spinal cord. Their skilled service is not just limited to broken bones and painful joints but they also treat sports injuries, back pain, bone tumors, Osteoporosis, Arthritis, Limb lengthening, Carpal tunnel etc.

When To Consult An Orthopaedic Surgeon?

People are often unsure of whether to visit an orthopaedic surgeon or physician. It is common that visiting an orthopaedic surgeon directly may help the patient in recovering sooner. Consult an ortho doctor If you face continuous pain in the bones or muscles. Also, if a soft tissue injury which is not improved even after the expected duration of recovery, an orthopaedic doctor must be consulted. Also, if the patient is undergoing severe chronic joint pain, consulting an orthopaedic surgeon is necessary.

What Are The Surgeries Performed By An Orthopaedic Specialist?

Commonly, orthopaedic surgeries performed are on the ankle, elbow, shoulder, and spine. They can be done using arthroscopy or other conventional methods. The most common surgeries performed by the orthopaedic surgeons are joint replacement, osteotomy, bone fracture repair, spine fusion and arthroscopy.

What Diseases Are Treated By Orthopaedic Doctors?

The common diseases treated by orthopaedic doctors are- bone, joint, and muscle infections in children, limb length discrepancy, Osgood-Schlatter Disease, runner’s knee, osteoporosis, spinal fractures tendonitis, claw toe, hammer toe, hip dysplasia, and hip bursitis.

Issues Which Can Be Treated Online Are:

Back Pain -

Back pain is divided into neck pain, middle back pain and lower back pain. Back pain occurs due to multiple reasons some of them being, back injury due to a sport, long sedentary working hours which put pressure on the neck and back, and smoking. Nicotine found in tobacco, restricts blood flow and reduces calcium absorption and prevents new bone growth. This is one reason why smokers need a longer healing time for fractures. If any kind of the three kinds of back pain lasts for more than a few days, it is advisable to consult an orthopaedic doctor for further diagnosis and treatment options.



Shoulder Pain -

The shoulder joint is a ball and socket joint. Shoulder conditions that cause pain are frozen shoulder, bursitis, rotator cuff injuries and dislocations. Pain originating from these areas can be the result of an injury, fatigue due to overexertion, or even arthritis.



Elbow Pain -

Elbow pain can be due to a fracture or dislocation. It can also be due to tendon or nerve damage. Nerve injuries cause burning pain. Pain can worsen with forearm movements and can lead to numbness of the hand. A few other reasons of elbow pain are, lateral epicondylitis, medial epicondylitis, olecranon bursitis, biceps and triceps tendonitis, cubital tunnel syndrome, radial tunnel syndrome and dislocation.



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Wrist Pain -

It can be caused by sprain from abrupt injuries. Repetitive stress, arthritis and carpal tunnel syndrome can also be long-term causes of wrist pain. The diagnosis is difficult as a lot of factors can contribute to wrist pain, but it is essential for right treatment. Common Risk factors of wrist pain are exercising, sports, repetitive work, certain medications etc.



Hip Pain -

The hip joint’s primary function is to support the weight of the body and any pain caused in the hip region can be due to nervous disorders, osteoarthritis, infectious, trauma-related, and genetic reasons. Hip pain can be treated properly if the cause is understood. The causes of the pain vary according to the location-anterior, lateral, or posterior. Medical history and physical examinations are necessary to diagnose the source of hip pain.



Knee Pain -

The knee is the largest joint in the body and it joins the thigh and the leg. The knee is the most commonly affected area when age stikes. This particularly due to the fact that knees do most of the work while walking or running. Other cause of Knee pain can be trauma due to an injury or misalignment.



Ankle Pain -

The ankle joint faces the highest amount of injuries in the human body. The common ankle twist is what most people face during a trip and fall, or a casual sports activity. Icing the pain cured the swelling in most cases, however, is pain and swelling persists then a consultation from an Orthopaedic doctor is needed.



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