The study of cancer is known as Oncology. It is the branch of medicine involved in research, diagnosis and treatment of cancer. Oncology is further categorized into 3 sub-specialties, medical, surgical, and radiation. A few common types of cancer are cervical cancer, breast cancer, lung cancer, brain cancer, bone cancer, pancreatic cancer, liver cancer and stomach cancer.
Who Is An Oncologist?
A doctor specialized in diagnosis and treatment of cancer is known as an Oncologist.
Oncologists are doctors who treat cancers and are also categorized based on their sub-specialty.
Oncologists treating cancer with the help of medications and chemotherapy are known as Medical Oncologists.
Oncologists who remove the tumor and surrounding tissues by performing surgeries are known as Surgical Oncologists.
Oncologists who use radiation therapy for the treatment of cancer are known as Radiation Oncologists.
There are other types of Oncologists like hematologist-oncologist, pediatric oncologist, and gynecologic oncologist.
Hair fall control is a holistic approach, it is not just based on medications and food supplements, but also changes in lifestyle and diet of the patient. The Trichologist will start with an analysis of the root cause of hair loss, hair breakage, weakening of hair medulla, infections on the scalp and then proceed with the treatment according to causes. The treatment shall mainly concentrate on preventing hair loss and advancing the immediate condition of hair and scalp, with various alternatives. The alternatives can be surgical and non-surgical processes to treat any disorder in both men and women. There might be a need for repeated treatment for permanent results. Hair loss and scalp issues can affect the patient’s confidence & self esteem. Consulting a hair and scalp specialist online, can help with diagnosis of the issue in complete privacy.
What Do Our Oncologists Treat?
Oncologists at DocsApp advise the patient on various issues related to cancer. They may assist based on the stage of cancer and plan therapy for the patient’s treatment. The method of treatment differs from case to case, as the grade and stage changes. These Oncologists treat various illnesses like blood In stool, change in bowel habits, difficulty in swallowing, coughing blood, weight loss etc.
Finding drops of blood on the stool is quite common, and is mostly caused due to hemorrhoids or anal fissures. Even though it is not dangerous most of the times, it can be a symptom of cancerous or precancerous conditions. The Precancerous polyps present at the end of the colon look like bleeding from hemorrhoids. They exist in the colon before they become cancerous, and can be removed with surgery. Patients who tend to ignore this bleeding for years are diagnosed with colon cancer, assuming it to be hemorrhoids. Symptoms of polyp and colon cancer are more likely to show up with people aged ab
These habits differ from person to person, based on their diet, hydration, consistency of bowel movement and the color. A significant and unexplained change in bowel habits indicates a problem in the gastrointestinal tract. Few abnormal changes include black, tarry stools, brown-colored stools, deep red stools, white-colored stools. Few disorders that cause change in bowel habits are celiac disease, crohn‚Äôs disease, diverticulosis, irritable bowel syndrome and thyroid disorders.
Lumps are common, but sometimes , a lump can be a symptom of a serious issue like cancer. Cancerous lumps are hard and painless and appear often suddenly. The lump will grow in size over the period. These lumps are visible from outside if they appear in breast, neck, arms, etc.
It is common for cancer patients to face sudden weight loss. Almost 80% of the people face weight loss during or before cancer diagnosis. People often experience weakness and difficulty in doing daily activities.
Coughing blood is also known as hemoptysis and can occur due to pulmonary embolism, tuberculosis, cocaine use, lung cancer, tumors and bronchiectasis. Even though it may or may not be an urgent medical condition but consistent blood in cough blood can be a symptom of cancer.Various tests conducted for analysis are chest x-ray, bronchoscopy, sputum analysis etc.
In skin cancer, there can be irregular areas where discolored skin patches start appearing. This can happendue to various reasons like radiation therapy, inflammation, injuries,, rosacea and skin cancer. They develop in a particular area due to melanin level fluctuations. They might improve or have long-lasting effects.
The common symptoms of breast cancer are: change in breast size or shape, a lump in the breast, change in the texture of skin, redness in the skin, change in nipple shape and unexplained liquid discharge from the nipple. Treatment for breast changes normally includes Mastectomy, Tamoxifen, lumpectomy. Other causes for breast changes are known as benign changes, which are not cancerous. adenosis, cysts, fibroadenomas are common typesof Benign changes.
Difficulty in Swallowing refers to the inability to swallow foods or liquids easily. People choke sometimes while they try to swallow. This condition is also known as Dysphagia. A few reasons for difficulty in swallowing are acid reflux and GERD, heartburn, epiglottitis, goiter, esophagitis, esophageal cancer, stomach cancer and thyroid nodule.