Neurology is a branch of medicine which deals with the disorders of the nervous system. While neurology is a nonsurgical specialty, its corresponding surgical specialty is neurosurgery. Neurology is concerned with the analysis and investigation of all conditions that are related to the central and peripheral nervous systems. Neurological practice is completely based on neuroscience, i.e. the scientific study of the nervous system.
A doctor who specializes in neurology is called a neurologist. The neurologist treats disorders that affect the brain, spinal cord, and nerves. They are trained to examine neurological disorders and treat them using various alternatives. They are often involved in clinical research, clinical trials, and basic or translational thesis as part of their professional development.
A neurologist must be consulted immediately if an individual is facing medical issues like stroke, tumors, infections in the nervous system, multiple sclerosis, dementia, movement disorders, headaches, sleep disorders etc. Sometimes a pain in the neck can also turn out to be a neurological disorder if it is a weakness, or numbness related to the bladder. Psychotic features or difficulty in thinking can also be a symptom of Neurological problems.
The neurologist starts with the analysis and review of the patient’s clinical history, with due consideration to the given circumstance. To understand the behavior patterns and connect the dots, the neurologist makes the patient take necessary neurological tests. These exams investigate the mental status, capability, reflexes and function of the cranial nerves. It helps the doctor to diagnose the disorder and conduct treatment accordingly. Also, Localization of pathology is a vital process throu
The common symptoms observed in people suffering from neurological disorders are paralysis, chronic pain, headache, dizziness, weakness, vision difficulties, sleep disorders and change in personality. It sometimes becomes difficult for the patient to think practically and hallucinations can be seen in some cases.
Neurological disorders can be alarming conditions that may occur all of a sudden. The sooner the situation is handled, the better the chances to reduce the effect of possible damages. Talking to a neurologist online can help the patient in understanding the next steps to a proper treatment plan.
Our Neurology experts are usually approached for 2nd opinions by patients who suffer from seizures, have lost their ability to move their limbs or have a severe speech impairment. Neurologists start with a basic neurological assessment, which involves the assessment of basic brain function, for gaining a basic understanding of the location of the problem within the nervous system. This is because a small change in the way that a patient feels in the limbs may be the first sign of a major regiona
A research paper by NHS(UK) suggests that 1 in every 5 women, and 1 in every 15 men suffers from migraine. Every now and then, there are reports and researches done on the relationship between migraine, depression and anxiety. A person suffering from migraine is 3 times more likely to develop depression.Neurologists treat migraines based on thepatterns of the disease, with either long term preventive medication, or short term anti-migraine medicines. Depression and other illnesses associated with this illness is treated by appropriate specialists.
Once the dopamine levels in the body go down by 20 to 40 percent, the symptoms of Parkinson‚Äôs start appearing. The initial symptoms are anosmia, constipation, cramped writing, slow movements and problem balancing the body.
Dementia is not a disease but a condition.Alzheimer and Vascular dementia are forms of dementia. The symptoms of dementia are different in each patient but usually the patient faces difficulty in communicating, concentrating, reasoning, visualizing and remembering.
Seizures are an indication of neurological disorders. They emerge due to unforeseen and sudden, abnormal electrical activity in parts of the brain. Seizures may or may not cause convulsions. There can have mild symptoms like losing consciousness, frothing and biting of the tongue. Seizures are categorized into two main parts, partial seizures and Generalized seizures.
Alzheimer‚Äôs disease is a progressive disease that destroys the memory of the patient partially or completely and also impacts significant mental functions. This disorder cannot be cured completely but treatment can help to improve the situation. The early symptoms of Alzheimer's are memory loss, difficulty in executing routine work, forgetting time and place, misplacing things quite often, etc.
The symptoms observed in a stroke are sudden numbness or dizziness, trouble speaking, difficulty seeing from one or both eyes, and severe headache. To achieve the best results, the neurologist may advise taking different medications, whereas, some people may have to undergo surgery.
Usually, the causes of tremor are disorders like multiple sclerosis, stroke, brain trauma, and neurodegenerative diseases that harm parts of the brainstem or the cerebrum, which is a part of the brain that controls significant human activities like the movements in the body.Tremor can happen at any age but mostly, middle-aged people suffer from it. It can be episodic, transitory, or may occur periodically, in response to a particular event or timing. It affects both men and women equally.
Ataxia can occur over time or abruptly. It can lead to poor coordination of the body , difficulty in chewing food, change in accent/speech and nystagmus. Conditions that can be responsible for Ataxia are drug abuse, genetic disorders, certain medications, cerebral palsy, brain degeneration, and multiple sclerosis.
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