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A sore throat is pain, scratchiness or irritation of the throat that often worsens when you swallow. The most common cause of a sore throat (pharyngitis) is a viral infection, such as a cold or the flu. A sore throat caused by a virus resolves on its own. Strep throat (streptococcal infection), a less common type of sore throat caused by bacteria, it requires treatment with antibiotics to prevent complications.

Symptoms

Symptoms of a sore throat can vary depending on the cause. Signs and symptoms might include: -Pain or a scratchy sensation in the throat -Pain that worsens with swallowing or talking -Difficulty swallowing -Sore, swollen glands in your neck or jaw -Swollen, red tonsils -White patches or pus on your tonsils -A hoarse or muffled voice.

Infections causing a sore throat might result in other signs and symptoms, including

-Fever -Cough -Runny nose -Sneezing -Body aches -Headache -Nausea or vomiting

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Causes

-Viral infections -Common cold -Flu (influenza) -Mono (mononucleosis) -Measles -Chickenpox -Croup -Bacterial infections -Allergies

Risk factors

Despite the fact that anybody can get a sore throat, a few elements make someone progressively vulnerable are: -Age. Youngsters and adolescents are well on the way to create sore throats. Youngsters are more bound to have strep throat, the bacterial disease related to a sore throat. -Tobacco smoke. Smoking and used smoke can disturb the throat. -Chronic or frequent sinus infections.

Treatment

A sore throat caused by a viral infection usually lasts five to seven days and doesn't require medical treatment. If your or your child's sore throat is caused by a bacterial infection, your doctor or pediatrician will prescribe antibiotics. Other treatments include, lifestyle and home remedies such as rest, Drink fluids, Gargle with saltwater,Humidify the air.

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